Introduction to Satpura

The Essence of Satpura - Madhya Pradesh’s Beauty

Located in the Narmadapuram district of Madhya Pradesh. The Satpura Tiger Reserve is nestled within the Satpura range and derives its name from the seven mountains it encompasses. "Sapt" means seven, and "pura" signifies hills. This region is a treasure trove of natural wonders and diverse ecosystems. Satpura is a majestic mountain range located in central India, is a testament to nature's grandeur. It is renowned for its rich biodiversity, encompassing dense forests, pristine rivers, and captivating landscapes.


Satpura Tiger Reserve: A Biosphere Sanctuary

Satpura is the second-largest tiger reserve in Madhya Pradesh and is also designated as the biosphere reserve. Covering an area of 2133 square feet, comprising 65% teak forest (sagwan trees), 35% mixed forest, and 10-15% grassland, creating a diverse habitat for various flora and fauna species.

Satpura boasts a rich history with many caves and rock formations. The region is dotted with two to three main rivers like Denwa, Tawa Reservoir, Nagdwari, and smaller tributaries. The Tawa reservoir, initiated in 1958 and completed in 1978, adds to the habitat diversity and supports agriculture through a canal network which covers from Chhindwara district to Nagpur and serves as a vital corridor connecting Kanha and Pench tiger reserves.

The reserve's strategic location within the Satpura range contributes to its ecological significance, forming a vital corridor for wildlife movement and genetic diversity. This interconnectedness ensures the survival and well-being of numerous species, making Satpura Tiger Reserve a cornerstone of India's conservation efforts.

The diverse habitats of Satpura National Park provide shelter to a wide variety of animals. The park is home to herbivores such as deer, carnivores like leopards, and omnivores including monkeys. This rich biodiversity makes Satpura National Park a popular destination for wildlife enthusiasts.




India's First Reserve Forest and Diverse Ecosystem

Satpura holds the distinction of being India's first reserve forest, showcasing a remarkable diversity of ecosystems. From Southern tropical moist deciduous forest to Southern tropical dry deciduous forest, Tropical riparian fringing forest to southern tropical thorn forest, and central Indian sub-tropical hill forest to Dry and moist grassland, Satpura encompasses a wide range of habitats.

The forest in Satpura varies, featuring Sal forest on the Pachmarhi plateau, mixed forest in most areas, and patches of teak forest. This diverse landscape supports a rich array of flora and fauna, making Satpura a haven for nature enthusiasts and wildlife explorers alike.


Wildlife of Satpura National Park

Satpura National Park is home to a diverse array of wildlife, majorly including tigers, leopards, sloth bears, Indian gaur, and a myriad of bird species. Satpura Tiger Reserve is a haven for biodiversity. Exploring this park offers a chance to witness these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat, creating unforgettable memories for visitors.

Satpura is a home to: Tigers, Indian Giant Squirrel, Leopards, Jungle cats, Rusty spotted cats, Sloth bear, Hyena, Northern plain langur and monkey, Spotted deer, Sambar deer, Indian Muntjac/Barking deer, Indian blue bull/Nilgai, Chinkara/Indian Gazelle, Gaur, Birds (350 species - resident & migratory), Asian paradise flycatcher, Hornbills, Kingfishers, Woodpeckers, Indian pitta, Indian roller, Baya weaver, Vulture, Eagles.

Activities & Gates in Satpura National Park


Visitors to the reserve can embark on thrilling jeep safari adventures, guided by experienced naturalists who provide insights into the region's wildlife and conservation efforts. The safari experiences offer glimpses of tigers in their natural habitat, along with opportunities to observe other wildlife species up close


The reserve has multiple gates for buffer safaris including Bargundi Gate, Jamani Dev Gate, Bineka Gate, Parsa Pani Gate and Mallu Pura Gate and core safaris include Panar Pani Gate, Madhai Gate, and Bhim Kund Gate each offering unique wildlife encounters and scenic beauty.


Visitors can also engage in boat cruises along the Denwa River. These excursions offer a close encounter with wildlife and a deeper understanding of the park's ecosystem.


Apart from safaris and boat cruising, the Satpura Tiger Reserve also offers nature walks, and birdwatching tours to promote awareness about wildlife conservation. These activities allow visitors to connect with nature on a deeper level and appreciate the importance of preserving natural ecosystems.


Visitors can also enjoy activities like star gazing, pottery, village walks, and tribal dances. The reserve has several gates for buffer and core safaris, each offering distinct wildlife encounters and scenic beauties. Other activities in Satpura include star gazing, pottery, village walks, tribal dances, nature walks, night patrol, mobile camping walking safaris, and canoe rides, spanning 3 nights and 4 days, covering approximately 55 kilometers of immersive nature experiences.

The winter season lasts from October to March and is characterized by cool temperatures, with an average high of 14°C and an average low of 4°C. The monsoon season paints Pachmarhi in vibrant greens, enhancing its natural allure with cascading waterfalls and rejuvenated landscapes. The best time to visit spans from October to June, offering a balance of favorable weather and captivating experiences.

How to Reach Pachmarhi

Pachmarhi is well-connected by road, rail, and air.

  • By Air: Satpura is accessible from major cities like Bhopal, Nagpur and Indore. The nearest airport is Bhopal, providing convenient air connectivity.
  • By Rail: Road connectivity is also available from major cities like Bhopal, Nagpur, Indore, and Jabalpur. Regular bus services and private taxis offer transportation options for travelers.
  • By Road: The nearest railway stations from Satpura are Sohagpur and Pipariya


Divisions of Satpura: Pachmarhi, Madhai, Bori & Churna

Satpura divides into three parts: Pachmarhi, Madhai, Bori, and Churna. Pachmarhi, known as MP's hill station, is a significant part of the biosphere reserve. It is often referred to as the "Queen of Satpura," and is a hill station adorned with lush greenery, cascading waterfalls, and mesmerizing viewpoints. Visitors can access safari experiences from Pachmarhi's Panar Pani gate. If you are looking forhotels in Pachmarhi, Pandav Hotels have four properties for you to consider.

Madhai, situated between Pachmarhi and Bori, and on the banks of the pristine River Denwa, is a gateway to the Satpura Tiger Reserve. It hosts a range of wildlife activities. From water safaris like boating and canoeing to walking safaris and jeep safaris, Madhai offers immersive nature experiences unique to central India. If you're searching for resorts in Madhai, Pandav Hotels offer four properties available for you to consider. Read more about Madhai

Flora and Fauna: A Diverse Ecosystem

Satpura boasts unique vegetation, including dry deciduous forests with over 1300 plant species. It houses 25-30 mammal species, 12 types of reptiles, 100 butterfly species, and approximately 350 bird species, making it a paradise for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers.

Conservation Efforts and Impact

Satpura is not just a natural beauty; it's also a testament to conservation efforts. To protect its diverse habitats, Satpura has relocated villages and implemented sustainable tourism practices. These ongoing initiatives ensure that Satpura thrives as a natural sanctuary, showcasing India's rich biodiversity. Its untamed beauty, along with its rich heritage and diverse wildlife, offers travelers an immersive experience in the wonders of nature.

The reserve actively engages in habitat restoration, wildlife monitoring, and community education programs. By restoring degraded habitats and monitoring wildlife populations, Satpura ensures the long-term sustainability of its ecosystems.

Moreover, we try to raise awareness about the importance of conservation amongl residents and tourists. Through interactive workshops, nature walks, and outreach activities, Satpura fosters a sense of stewardship towards the environment. This collaborative approach not only benefits the ecosystem but also enhances the overall experience for visitors.

Madhai, Churna, and Pachmarhi are designated tourism zones within Satpura, each offering distinct experiences and carrying capacities to ensure sustainable tourism practices and conservation efforts.

As a result of these conservation efforts, Satpura remains a thriving sanctuary where wildlife coexists harmoniously with humans. Travelers are not just passive observers but active participants in preserving this natural treasure for future generations to enjoy. Satpura's allure lies not only in its scenic beauty and diverse wildlife but also in its commitment to sustainable conservation practices.

Lesser-Known Informational Pointers about Satpura National Park

  • Satpura is home to the Indian giant squirrel, which is also a mascot for Satpura, and is a fascinating mammal known for its vibrant fur and agile movements in the treetops.
  • The region has several ancient rock paintings and cave art, offering insights into the area's historical significance and cultural heritage.
  • Satpura's night skies are perfect for stargazing, with minimal light pollution and clear views of celestial wonders.
  • The reserve's buffer zones are vital for wildlife conservation, providing essential habitats and corridors for animal migration and dispersal.
  • Satpura's diverse landscapes, including grasslands, forests, and water bodies, create a mosaic of habitats supporting a wide range of plant and animal life.
  • By visiting Satpura Tiger Reserve, tourists not only witness the beauty of wild India but also contribute to sustainable tourism practices that support conservation initiatives. It's a place where the roar of a tiger echoes the importance of protecting our natural heritage for generations to come.


Satpura National Park is accessible by air via Bhopal, by road from major cities like Bhopal, Nagpur, Indore, and Jabalpur, and by train with the nearest railway stations being Sohagpur and Pipariya.

The best time to visit Satpura National Park is from October to March when the weather is pleasant and wildlife sightings are abundant. (During the monsoon season (July to September), the park's buffer zone is open)

Yes, there are accommodations available within Satpura National Park, including hotels in Madhai.. Pandav Hotels offers properties (resorts in Madhi), providing comfortable stay options amidst nature.

Yes, guided tours are available in Satpura National Park, led by our experienced naturalists who provide insights into the region's wildlife, conservation efforts, and cultural heritage. These tours enhance the overall experience for visitors.

Visitors can enjoy thrilling jeep safaris, boat cruises along the Denwa River, nature walks, birdwatching tours, star gazing, pottery, village walks, tribal dances, and mobile camping walking safaris. Each activity offers a unique perspective of the park's ecosystem.

Yes, there are resorts available in Madhai for accommodation. LeharSa and Gourissa are the perfect accommodation options for you to stay.